Dermakos, 3, 2017, pag 46


  • Clinical and Instrumental Evaluation of Skin Improvement after Treatment with a New 50% Pyruvic Acid Peel. Berardesca E. et al. Dermatol Surg 2006;32:526-531, DOI: 10.1111/j.1524-4725.2006.32106.x.
  • Chemical peeling with trichloroacetic acid and lactic acid for infraorbital dark circles. C Vavouli et al. 2013. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, 12, 204-209.
  • Salicylic Acid Peel Incorporating Triethyl Citrate and Ethyl Linoleate in the Treatment of Moderate Acne: A New Therapeutic Approach. Raone B. et al. Dermatol Surg 2013;1-9. DOI: 10.1111/dsu.12215.
  • Wollina, U., Goldman, A., Berger, U., & Abdel-Naser, M. B. (2008). Esthetic and cosmetic dermatology. DERMATOLOGIC THERAPY, 21(2), 118-130.
  • Mussini T, Mussini P, Falciola L. Investigation of abnormal pH values of solutions of medium-weak exfoliants acids (trichloroacetic acid, pyruvic acid, glycolic acid, salicylic acid) at a concentration ranging between 30% and 70% in water and in a mixed aqueous-organic solvent. Abstract, EADV Vienna 2007
  • Berardesca E. (1997). EEMCO guidance for the assessment of stratum comeum hydration: electrical methods. Skin Res Technol, 3, 126-132.
  • Bonina FP. Assessment of a not buffered free water solution of 50% pyruvic acid compared to a 50% pyruvic acid solution with new technology. Data on file, General Topics 2003.
  • Zglinicki, von, T., Lindberg, M., Roomans, G. M., & Forslind, B. (1993). Water and ion distribution profiles in human skin. Acta Dermato-venereologica, 73(5), 340-343.